References and Further Reading 1.
Book I Summary Aristotle defines the polis, or city, as a koinonia, or political association, and he asserts that all such associations, like all deliberate human acts, are formed with the aim of achieving some good.
He adds that political association is the most sovereign form of association since it incorporates all other forms of association and aims at the highest good. The different kinds of associations that exist are founded on different kinds of relationships. The basic unit of association is the household, the next is the village, and the ultimate association is the city, toward which end humans, seeking to attain the highest quality of life, naturally move.
Aristotle concludes, "man is by nature a political animal. Aristotle identifies the three kinds of relationships that make up the household: He also identifies a fourth element of the household, which he calls the "art of acquisition. He defends slavery by noting that nature generally consists of ruling and ruled elements: It is thus unjust to enslave, through war or other means, those who are not slaves by nature.
Though being suited to mastery or slavery is generally inherited, slavery is just only when the rule of master over slave is beneficial for both parties. Aristotle likens the relationship between master and slave to that between soul and body: He also likens the relationship between master and slave to that between a monarch and his people and that between a statesman and free citizens.
Aristotle examines the art of acquisition, which pertains to the satisfaction of basic needs, distinguishing between natural and unnatural acquisition.
Different people go about satisfying these needs in different ways, depending on their mode of life: This securing of food, shelter, and other necessities is called natural acquisition because it is an indispensable part of the management of a household.A summary of Book I in Aristotle's Politics.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Politics and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, . By examining what Aristotle means by slavery, we indirectly discover what he means by freedom, which is the opposite of slavery. A natural slave is one "who participates in reason only to the extent of perceiving it, but does not have it" (Politics bl).
Slavery was slow in getting started as in issue in Indiana politics, as most Hoosiers in the s were comfortable with the political compromises, notably the Missouri Compromise of , that had marginalized slavery in the political realm.
The Political Legacy of American Slavery Avidit Acharya, Stanford University Matthew Blackwell, Harvard University Maya Sen, Harvard University We show that contemporary differences in political attitudes across counties in the American South in part trace their.
Politics is a work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher. The end of the Nicomachean Ethics declared that the inquiry into ethics necessarily follows into politics, and the two works are frequently considered to be parts of a larger treatise, or perhaps connected lectures, dealing with the "philosophy of human affairs".
To the contrary, we believe the North and South fought tenaciously in the political realm precisely because they were fighting over the spread of slavery's power-an immediate, tangible, and momentous stake--rather than over differences in social outlook based in a conflict over modernity.