Back to Classics 3 Mary Ebbott How have considerations of gender affected our interpretation of Homeric poetry, and how should they? I begin with Butler for two reason: In his book Butler makes several claims about the author of the Odyssey that could be controversial. He argues based on the landscape descriptions in the poem that the author of the Odyssey lived in Sicily Trapani, specificallyand that its date of composition was between and BC.
Agency in The Iliad The Iliad portrays the patriarchal society in which mortal women lack agency. Many of the mortal women in this epic poem have no influence over the decisions that involve their well being and are seen merely as awards and possessions of men. Women are depicted in the Iliad as individuals who lack the power to influence or impact their personal lives or others in ways that do not involve contributing to the sex, pride, or ego in males.
Helen, the woman who is seen as the individual who started the Trojan War, had no control over the decisions that impacted her life and the lives of many soldiers who died for her.
Due to the Judgment of Paris, before the events in the epic poem the Iliad unfolded, Helen was already depicted as not having the power to control her life. She was never given an option as to whether she wanted to flee Sparta with Paris.
Rather, she was awarded to Paris, just as an object. In the process of being given she is valued for her beauty but not for her humanity, which clearly expresses her commodification.
Helen is clearly depicted as an entity rather than a human being and is completely stripped of humanity. It is clear that Helen misses her old life in Sparta: The goddess filled her heart with the yearning warm and deep for her husband long ago, her city and her parents.
If a man were in a situation in which he felt confused, discomfort, or leeriness, he could make a pivotal decision to control the pathway of his life. Instead, Helen feels confined to Troy because she was forcibly removed from her family and friends.
Because she does not have the ability to go anywhere else, it amplifies her feelings of isolation and discontent. The ongoing conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon in the Iliad is the result of a dispute over women they both claim to possess.
Chryseis and Bryseis are two maidens who were taken as prizes for defeating a Trojan-allied town. Agamemnon attempted to claimChryseis and Achilles attempted to claim Bryseis.
Unfortunately, Agamemnon is forced to give Chryseis back to her father after Apollo plagues the Achaen camps. Agamemnon unenthusiastically returns Chryseis to her family, and tells Achilles in a dispute: What do you want?
To cling to your own prize while I sit calmly by—empty-handed here? Is that why you order me to give her back? But if they give me nothing I will take a prize myself—your own. In actuality, the only game in this epic poem is the Trojan War itself and Agamemnon is onlt upset that his ego has been wounded.
The fact that women can be freely given and taken between individuals further expresses the extent to which women have been commodified and their lack of free will. The Trojan War is essentially a war fought over women who are seen as possessions.
These women, who contribute to how males are seen to society, have been completely stripped of their humanity.As in this, Homer, the author of The Odyssey, portrays many Greek values that make up a righteous man or as, Homer’s character Odysseus, an epic hero.
The Odyssey is the story of King Odysseus' return from the Trojan War to his kingdom of Ithaca. The Iliad portrays the patriarchal society in which mortal women lack agency. Many of the mortal women in this epic poem have no influence over the decisions that involve their well being and are seen merely as awards and possessions of men.
His explication of Homer as found in the former is multi-faceted, thematic and original in many of its insights; the treatment of the Odyssey is by contrast more a case of rich description than continuation of his argument about the source and meaning of Homer.
The Paperback of the Homer's Odyssey: A Fearless Feline Tale, or How I Learned about Love and Life with a Blind Wonder Cat by Gwen Cooper at Barnes & We reached the last examination room at the end of a narrow, wood-paneled corridor, and Patty opened the door for me.
"Homer's Odyssey eloquently demonstrates that the bond between felines /5(). Ancient Greek society’s treatment of females is preserved in Homer’s epic tales like The Odyssey. The Medieval idea of the different women of society can be seen in Dante’s work.
The Medieval idea of the different women of society can be seen in Dante’s work. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Why Homer Matters: A History at metin2sell.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.