Background[ edit ] Italy was unified by Rome in the third century BC. For years, it was a kind of territorial extension of the capital of the Roman Republic and Empireenjoying, for a long time, a privileged status and so it was not converted into a province. However, the emperor was an absentee German -speaking foreigner who had little concern for the governance of Italy as a state; as a result, Italy gradually developed into a system of city-states.
See Article History Revolutions ofrebellions against conservative kings and governments by liberals and revolutionaries in different parts of Europe in — Strikes and protests were followed by armed confrontations.
The royal forces were unable to contain the insurrection; and, after three days of fighting July 27—29Charles abdicated the throne and soon afterward fled to England. See also July Revolution.
Liberals throughout Europe were encouraged to hope for a general social revolution, but most were disappointed. Louis-Philippe did not want a war and, contrary to expectations, did not support the Poleswho had revolted against the Russian tsar.
Their revolt was ruthlessly suppressed, and Poland was incorporated into the Russian Empire. Revolts in Italy and the German kingdoms were equally unsuccessful.
Belgium declared its independence from the Netherlandsand it was recognized in as a separate nation.
For several years the Greeks had been fighting for their independence from the Ottoman Empireand in the European powers recognized Greece as an independent sovereign state. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The Hungarian Revolution of (Hungarian: –es forradalom és szabadságharc, "–49 Revolution and War") was one of the many European Revolutions of and closely linked to other revolutions of in the Habsburg metin2sell.com revolution in the Kingdom of Hungary grew into a war for independence .
The revolution in failed, but the revolution in succeeded Pope Gregory was a character of obscurantism (practice of preventing facts from becoming known) There is evidence that the worlds first true pizzeria opened in Naples in Revolutions of , series of republican revolts against European monarchies, beginning in Sicily, and spreading to France, Germany, Italy, and the Austrian Empire.
They all ended in failure and repression, and were followed by widespread disillusionment among liberals. In the years between and many events occurred in the country of Italy. The primary problems in Italy were a mix of economic depression, social clash, and radical ideas. Secret societies were formed, and because of this, many people were thrown in prison.5/5(1).
The Revolutions of in Germany, Italy, and France Abstract The Revolutions of were a widespread uprising that took place across Europe in response to social and economic pressures brought on by the eighteenth century Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. Italian unification (Italian: Unità d'Italia [uniˈta ddiˈtaːlja]), or the Risorgimento ([risordʒiˈmento], meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
The process began in with the Congress .