Modernism and 20th century

Characteristics Arising out of the rebellious mood at the beginning of the twentieth century, modernism was a radical approach that yearned to revitalize the way modern civilization viewed life, art, politics, and science. This rebellious attitude that flourished between and had, as its basis, the rejection of European culture for having become too corrupt, complacent and lethargic, ailing because it was bound by the artificialities of a society that was too preoccupied with image and too scared of change. This dissatisfaction with the moral bankruptcy of everything European led modern thinkers and artists to explore other alternatives, especially primitive cultures. For the Establishment, the result would be cataclysmic; the new emerging culture would undermine tradition and authority in the hopes of transforming contemporary society.

Modernism and 20th century

The 20th century's most influential designers Seminal designer Peter Ghyczy sees a solo exhibition of his work at the Brussels Design Museum, opening February 7.

Here are some of the most influential German and European designers of the 20th century. Peter Ghyczy — titan of European design The work of Hungarian-born, German-trained furniture designer Peter Ghyczy 77 will be celebrated at a solo exhibition, "Peter Ghyczy: The exhibition runs February 7 to March 11 and will later be shown at the Kunstmuseen Krefeld.

Here the artist is pictured with Modernism and 20th century iconic 'Egg' chair. Garden Egg Chair This piece of outdoor furniture created by Peter Ghyczy in is an icon of postwar modernist design and an important experiment with plastic. The patent for the design was sold to East Germany and manufactured in a small town near Dresden.

There it became known as the "Senftenberg Egg" and was available to the East German public for the near equivalent of an average month's salary. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's 'Barcelona' chair This minimalist architect and designer was one of the first to adopt industrialization practices and the "design for the masses" ideas.

His iconic Barcelona Chair, made of padded leather and curved steel, along with his radical building designs, would come to define the modernist movement.

Peter Behrens Inspired by the Arts and Crafts movement, Behrens led the reform of German architecture and design at the turn of the century and trained the likes of Mies van der Rohe. He co-founded the German Werkbund, a collective of artists, architects, designers and industrialists who both modernized and revolutionized German design — and for whom he designed the pictured exhibition poster in Walter Gropius This pioneering German architect is perhaps best-known as the founder of the Bauhaus school.

Highly exploratory in nature, the Bauhaus embraced the idea that artful design and industrial production were key to the future of design. Despite his success, Gropius fled Germany as the Nazis rose to power and ultimately ended up in the US, where he continued his architectural pursuits until his death.

Le Corbusier The Swiss-French designer, writer, artist and urban planner was also a modernist architecture pioneer who heralded a raw, rationalist aesthetic.

Charlotte Parriand The Parisian architect, furniture and industrial designer had a year-career that flourished during the modernist period by embracing new technologies like tubular steel. Her collaborations with Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret included the iconic B Chaise Lounge from pictureda masterpiece of 20th century furniture-making.

Her work has only recently gained widespread attention. Ettore Sottsass — design meets pop art The Austrian-born artist and product designer became well-known during the "Made in Italy" boom of the s, imbuing industrial products like lamps and typewriters with alluring organic forms. For the Sacrifice of My Solitude," that blurs art and design.

Arne Jacobsen — the original Egg chair The Danish functionalist designer and architect is famous for his furniture designs, as well as his meticulously-planned architectural projects.

His Egg chair picturedoriginally created for the SAS Royal in — a boutique hotel for which Jacobsen designed every element — is a design masterpiece. Zaha Hadid Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid was one of the most influential architect-designers of recent decades. While she is best-known for her architectural projects — many of which feature signature sinuous curves including the pictured Serpentine Sackler Gallery in London — Hadid and her firm designed furniture and products.

She was the first woman to win the Pritzker Prize for Architecture. More in the Media Center.The modernist movement, at the beginning of the 20th century, marked the first time that the term "avant-garde", with which the movement was labeled until the word "modernism" prevailed, was used for the arts (rather than in its.

Modernism and 20th century

Modernist poetry in English started in the early years of the 20th century with the appearance of the Imagists. In common with many other modernists, these poets wrote in reaction to the perceived excesses of Victorian poetry, with its emphasis on traditional formalism and ornate diction.

English Literature History

Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by reactions of horror to World War I.

Take a photo tour of Modernist, Post-modernist, and other 20th and 21st century approaches to architectural design by visionary architects. English literature - The 20th century: The 20th century opened with great hope but also with some apprehension, for the new century marked the final approach to a new millennium.

For many, humankind was entering upon an unprecedented era. H.G. Wells’s utopian studies, the aptly titled Anticipations of the Reaction of Mechanical and . Modernism: Modernism, in the fine arts, late 19th to midth century, a radical break with the past and the concurrent search for new forms of expression.

Modernism - Literature Periods & Movements