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A foreign body enclosed within the mass of the paper fibres. Over-run and invaded; usually associated with insects, bacteria or other microorganisms such as mold, although it can also pertain to other pests. Existing condition that causes deterioration of an object as a result of its original construction.
A damaged work which maybe in the process of deterioration due to weakening of materials or due to weakness in structure or construction; work will probably sustain further damage if moved or handled without immediate attention.
Stain created by an unidentified liquid. Replacing loss areas holes, etc.
Mat Stain Paper conservation terms Matburn: Darkened area caused by acidic conditions related to the use of improper matting materials. Reattach or reinforce cuts, tears, etc. Any of various fungi growths that invade many organic surfaces provided sufficient moisture is present, producing enzymes that dissolve, stain, or degrade the host material.
Planographic printing using indirect image through such as photomechanical plates. In media this results in fading; in paper it results in destruction of the molecular structure of the cellulose paper fibre and can result, in extreme cases, in the total collapse and loss of the sheet.
Degeneration of the overall structure. Structural deformation of the support whereby it is no longer flat or in place. See Cockling and Buckling. Insufficient binding media or failure of the binding media to adhere pigments to the support causing the media to become powdery, chalky or crumbly.
A restoration performed prior to the current examination. Hole created by impact. Loss in the media, which may extend into the support caused by marking the surface with something sharp.
Backing, backboard, mounting support or other material providing a foundation layer for the primary support. A broad, thin, usually rectangular piece of paper serving as a support for media; drawings, watercolors, etc.
Crease in the pattern of a half circle; generally the result of a blow or impact when the object is rolled. Smear or blur caused by dirt, soot or ink. Dirt driven deep into the surface.
A rupture or tear running along the support, usually caused by stress.
Diminishing or removing discoloration. Material providing the foundation for the image.Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises.
Total Published to Date (–): accounts covering turtle and tortoise taxa from nations, plus 8 updated annotated checklists of all turtles of the world (7 for modern taxa and 1 for recently extinct taxa), total pages, contributing authors, account .
Glossary on Paper Conservation in six languages Western books and printed materials are subject for conservation and restoration in and beyond Europe. The “Glossary for Paper Conservation” is an essential tool for specialists to find relevant restoration terms in their own language. Conservation Scientist: A professional scientist whose primary focus is the application of specialized knowledge and skills to support the activities of conservation in accordance with an ethical code such as the AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice.
Resources for conservation professionals. Support CoOL. When FAIC took on management of Conservation OnLine (CoOL) and the Conservation DistList eight years ago, we knew that these resources were crucial .
Welcome to Sycamore Bookbinding Restoration & Paper Conservation Here at Sycamore we pride ourselves in offering a personal and caring approach to our clients’ requirements whether it is for an individual book or a large collection.
paper CONSERVATION terms. By Laura Stirton Aust. Paper Conservator, ARTcare. Art conservators have a lexicon to describe the damages and the condition of artwork.