Smoking causes lung disease, cancer and heart disease, and may adversely affect pregnant women or the fetus. For any smoker, with or without concomitant disease or pregnancy, the risk of nicotine replacement in a smoking cessation program should be weighed against the hazard of continued smoking, and the likelihood of achieving cessation of smoking without nicotine replacement. Pregnancy, Warning Tobacco smoke, which has been shown to be harmful to the fetus, contains nicotine, hydrogen cyanide, and carbon monoxide.
Difficulty sleeping due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling a frequent sign in children Symptoms are worsened by a cold or the flu Your asthma may be worseing if you notice frequent symptoms, more difficult breathing as measured by your peak flow meter, or you are increasing the use of your fast-acting inhaler.
Asthma prevention is the mainstay of therapy - using inhaled corticosteroids like fluticasone brand names include: It is important to add a long-acting beta2-agonist like salmeterol Advair Smoke inhalation causes, Serevent for more severe or poorly controlled asthma.
When needed, acute asthma symptoms are often treated with a fast-acting bronchodilator inhaler such as albuterol ProAir, others.
How is Asthma Diagnosed?
A doctor visit is in order if you have asthma symptoms. Asthma is diagnosed based on: Your medical and family history of asthma and allergies A physical exam Asthma test results.
The doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your lungs and look for signs of asthma such as wheezing, swollen nasal passages, and runny nose. Asthma tests may include a lung function test called spirometry that measures how much and how fast you can blow air in and out.
Your doctor might recommend allergy testing, too. How is Asthma Treated and Controlled? Asthma treatment is aimed at controlling airway inflammation and avoiding known allergy triggers, like pet dander and pollen.
The main goals are to restore normal breathing, prevent asthma attacks and restore daily activities.
Daily asthma treatment helps to prevent symptoms, and asthma inhalers are the preferred method because the drug can be delivered directly into the lungs in smaller doses with less side effects.
Some asthma medicines are given in pill or injection form, too. Asthma is treated and controlled primarily with two types of medications: Flovent, Pulmicort are used to control lung swelling over the long-term quick-relief beta2-agonists like Albuterol examples: ProAir, Proventil are used as "rescue" inhalers when symptoms occur.
Quick-relief inhalers like albuterol don't reduce lung swelling and should not be used in place of long-term, inhaled corticosteroid treatment. A long-acting beta2-agonist, such as Advairmay needed in more severe asthma. These drugs block chemicals that cause inflammation and airway narrowing in asthma.
Montelukast is also approved for allergy treatment and exercise-induced asthma. These drugs are taken in a pill form by mouth, not by inhalation.
Other long-term asthma control drugs include cromolyntheophyllineand omalizumab Xolair injectable. Primatene Mist is used to temporarily relieve mild symptoms of intermittent asthma in people ages 12 and older.
InOTC Primatene Mist was removed from the market to phase out products worldwide containing ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons CFCs propellants. The new inhalation delivery system no longer includes CFC, provides a built-in spray indicator and a metal canister, which replaces the original glass container.
You can view the new step-by-step directions for the new Primatene Mist. If your symptoms are ongoing or worsen, you should see your doctor for prescription medications.
Work with your doctor and pharmacist to develop an asthma action plan, particularly for when you have an asthma attack. Be sure you are using your quick-relief inhaler correctly and keep it with you at all times.
If you use the rescue inhaler more than two times a week, contact your prescriber; your asthma may not be well-controlled and you might need a medication change. If you aren't sure how to use your metered dose inhaler MDIask your pharmacist or learn more here. You should be able to sleep at night without symptoms.
Be sure a caregiver or a child's school understands the asthma action plan and inhaler use, too.Fires cause burns and these injuries are obvious but injuries to the lungs and airways from smoke inhalation are often less apparent and may not present until hours after exposure.
In , being overcome by gas, smoke or toxic fumes was partly or wholly the cause . DESCRIPTION. NICOTROL ® Inhaler (nicotine inhalation system) consists of a mouthpiece and a plastic cartridge delivering 4 mg of nicotine from a porous plug containing 10 mg nicotine. The cartridge is inserted into the mouthpiece prior to use.
Nicotine is a tertiary . What causes smoke inhalation? Smoke inhalation most commonly happens when you get trapped inside a burning structure, such as a house, office building, or factory. The harmful chemicals found in smoke may come from burning rubber, coal, plastic, or .
Bronchitis Overview. Acute bronchitis is the sudden inflammation of the tracheobronchial tree, which comprises the trachea, or windpipe (tube that leads from the throat to the lungs) and the bronchi (bronchial tubes, air passages of the lungs).It is typically associated with a viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI), such as the common cold, and is usually mild.
Smoke inhalation is the primary cause of death for victims of fires. The inhalation or exposure to hot gaseous products of combustion can cause serious respiratory complications. Some 50–80% of fire deaths are the result of smoke inhalation injuries, including burns to the respiratory system.
Smoke consists of various components, including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulates, minerals, soot, and other substances which depend on what is burning and causing the smoke. Carbon monoxide is often the cause of a fatal case of smoke inhalation.