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Madhur TempleKasaragodKerala The variety of temples, numbering more than dotting the Kerala state has no match with any other regions of India. The temples of Kerala highly developed in strict accordance to two temple construction thesis, Thantra-Samuchayam and Sliparatnam.
While the former deals in developing structures that regulates energy flows so that positive energy flows in, while negative energy do not trend to remain retarded within the structure; whereas the latter deals in developing stone and timber architecture in such manner that each carved structure imbibe a life and personality of its own.
Elements and features of Kerala Temple[ edit ] Sri-Kovil The circular Sreekovil style of Kerala temples The inner sanctum sanctorum where the idol of presiding deity is installed and worshiped.
It shall be an independent structure, detached from other buildings with no connections and having its own roof shared with none. The Sri-kovil does not have any windows and have only one large door opening mostly towards east sometimes it happens towards west, whereas a few temples have north facing door as its specialty, while no temples will have a south Thesis sheets of architecture door.
The Srikovil may be built in different plan shapes — square, rectangular, circular or apsidal. Of these the square plan shows an even distribution throughout Kerala state.
The square shape is basically the form of the vedic fire altar and strongly suggest the vedic mooring. It is categorised as the nagara style of Thesis sheets of architecture in the architecutural texts. The circular plan and the apsidal plan are rare in other parts of India and unknown even in the civil architecture of Kerala, but they constitute an important group of temples.
The circular plan shows a greater preponderance in the southern part of Kerala, in regions once under the influence of Buddhism. The apsidal plan is a combination of the semi-circle and the square and it is seen distributed sporadically all over the coastal region.
The circular temples belong to the vasara category. A variation of circle-elipse is also seen as an exception in the Siva shrine at Vaikkom. Polygonal shapes belonging to the Dravida category are also adopted rarely in temple plans but they find use as a feature of shikhara.
As per the Thantrasamuchayam, every Sreekovil should be built either neutral or even sided. The total height is basically divided into two halves. The lower half consists of the basement, the pillar or the wall stambha or bhithi and the entablature prasthara in the ratio 1: Similarly the upper half is divided into the neck grivathe roof tower shikhara and the fonial Kalasham in the same ratio.
The adisthana or foundation is generally in granite but the superstructure is built in laterite. The roofings will be of normally taller than other temple structures. The structural roof of the shrine is constructed as the corbelled dome of masonry; however in order to protect it from the vagaries of climate it was superposed by a functional roof, made of timber frame covered by planks and tiles.
This sloping roof with its projecting caves gave the characteristic form to the Kerala temple. The fenial or Kalasham, made of copper, provided the crowning spire denoting the focus of the shrine wherein the idol was installed.
The flag post normally seen in all Kerala Temples Normally the Srikovil is on a raised platform and has a flight or 3 or 5 steps to be. The steps are called Sopanapadi and on sides of the Sopanapadi, two large statues known as Dwarapalakas Door Guards are craved to guard the deity.
As per Kerala rituals style, only main priest Thantri and second priest Melshanti only allowed to enter into Sri-kovil.
Namaskara Mandapam The namaskara mandapa is a square shaped pavilion with a raised platform, a set of pillars and a pyramidal roof. The size of the mandapa is decided by the width of the shrine cell. The pavilion in its simplest form has four corner pillars; but larger pavilions are provided with two sets of pillars; four inside and twelve outside.
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Pavilions of circular, elliptical and polygonal shapes are mentioned in the texts, but they are not seen in Kerala temples. The Mandapams are used to conducting Vedic-Thantric rites. Nalambalam The outer grounds of Temple, called Chuttuambalam The shrine and the mandapa building are enclosed in a rectangular structure called the nalambalam.
Functionally the rear and side halls of the nalambalam serves for various activities related to the ritualistic worship. The front hall is pierced with the entry, dividing it into two parts.
These two halls; Agrasalas which used for feeding Brahmans, performing yagas and while Koothuambalam are used for staging temple arts such as koothu and temple murals. In few cases, Koothuambalams are separated as an individual structure outside Nalambalam.
Balithara The Dwajasthampam or flag post of temple, in Chuttuambalam At the entrance of Nalambalam, a square shaped raised stone altar called as Balithara can be seen. This altar is used to make ritualistic offerings to demi-gods and other spirits.Architecture ventures THESIS quot ADAPTIVE REUSE REVITALISATION OF Architecture ventures welfare services like a school images about architectural design sheets on Pinterest Pinterest images about architectural design sheets on Pinterest Gardens Architectural presentation and Craftsman Degree amp Profession AUROVILLE TOWARDS REALISING UTOPIA.
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