The opening to the Old English epic poem Beowulfhandwritten in half-uncial script: We of the Spear-Danes from days of yore have heard of the glory of the folk-kings In the fifth century, the Anglo-Saxons settled Britain as the Roman economy and administration collapsed. A few short inscriptions from the early period of Old English were written using a runic script.
I was a student teacher in a Massachusetts elementary school, and it took me awhile to figure out the correlation between the pencil and hallway behavior. If I replied, "Yes, you should bring a pencil," the walk to my classroom took 15 minutes and involved a lot of disruptions, student squabbles, drifting students and other various misbehaviors.
As a student teacher, I was very focused on keeping order and creating a challenging learning environment.
The Simple Paragraph. One of the first writing assignments any student receives is writing a composed paragraph. Just about any topic you are teaching in class can be the subject of a paragraph. When you break the paragraph into smaller elements, your students will see that four to six sentences do not have to be overwhelming. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. 5. CGOS Style – Columbia Guide to Online Style. A specialized style guide for citing and creating electronic sources. It is a a special manual that addresses the complications and peculiarities associated with online publishing and offers the rules of online citation to students, researchers and the wide public.
If I replied, "No, you don't need a pencil today," the walk to my classroom took about five minutes, even with a stop at the drinking fountain. So, what was the correlation? The students knew that if they had to bring a pencil they would have to do writing in the class, and they dreaded it.
If they didn't need a pencil, we would be working on projects or doing more verbal work, and they liked that. What they weren't expecting was that half-way through my student teaching, I bought 10 boxes of pencils and kept them in my classroom, so they never had to bring a pencil to class — I had plenty to go around.
This improved the hallway behavior, but still left me with the question of how to improve ESL student writing when they were frustrated by the practice and went to great lengths to avoid it. I have been teaching ESL for many years and there is no perfect solution to this problem; however, I do believe I have added quite a few writing activities to my bag of tricks and improved my ability to differentiate writing tasks based on student ability.
As I improved my ability to ensure that each student would be successful in the writing activity, their confidence increased, and they were less likely to engage in disruptive behavior.
I hope some of the writing activities I share with you will help you to reduce anxiety in your ESL students and increase their language and writing skills. There is a very important correlation between writing and language development.
Why is writing often the last skill to emerge? It almost seems that reading would be more difficult because the student needs to sound out words and understand the author's message.
It would seem writing might be easier because students are sharing their own ideas already in their heads and simply putting them on paper. However, writing requires a lot more processing of language in order to produce a message. First the student must have an idea, then think of the appropriate way to say it, then start to write it and spell it correctly, and then create another sentence to continue to communicate the idea.
If we add the students' worry that they are making huge, embarrassing errors or that their ideas aren't very good in the first place, then we begin to understand the complexity involved in writing in a second language. In fact, the way we communicate, or the way students put their ideas on paper, is largely influenced by their culture.
In some of my classes, my Asian students were very confused when I told them to revise their writing because this was a "first draft. The idea that they had to write it over again didn't make sense to them. Students from other cultures may have developed a storytelling style that involves laying out a lot of background information and detail and takes quite a while to get to the point.
In most western writing, we expect a topic sentence or a lead paragraph that will tell us what the point is, and then everything written after that leads to a direct conclusion. Many of my students had great difficulty connecting their ideas this way.Digging Deeper into Songs: A Writing Activity Steven Kenneth Ahola steboahola [at] metin2sell.com Kansai Gaidai University (Osaka, Japan) This lesson plan for intermediate and advanced ESL/EFL students offers teachers a writing activity where the students .
The Writing Wizard is a free resource for teachers and homeschooling moms and dads. If you like the Writing Wizard, please tell your friends, mention it in your blog, or link to it from your own website.
Help your students write better essays with this structured essay outline resource. This FREE teaching resource includes two different five paragraph essay outlines. One outline requires students to include two examples per body paragraph, and the other.
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages.
Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the coast of the North Sea, whose languages are now known as the Anglo-Frisian subgroup within West Germanic. As such, the modern Frisian languages are the closest living relatives of Modern English. E-mail Activities in the ESL Writing Class Ron Belisle ronb [at] metin2sell.comogawa Women's University Nishinomiya, Japan Introduction.
This article explores the student and teacher benefits of using electronic mail (e-mail) in an ESL writing class. The Guide to Grammar and Writing is sponsored by the Capital Community College Foundation, a nonprofit c-3 organization that supports scholarships, faculty development, and curriculum metin2sell.com you feel we have provided something of value and wish to show your appreciation, you can assist the College and its students with a tax-deductible contribution.